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2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 & older

2017 & in press

Yewers, M. S. C., Jessop, T. S., and Stuart-Fox, D. 2017. Endocrine differences among colour morphs in a lizard with alternative behavioural strategies. Hormones and Behavior, doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2017.05.001. PDF

Caro, T., Stoddard, M. C., Stuart-Fox, D. 2017. Animal coloration research: why it matters. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B, 372: 20160333, doi: 10.1098/rstb.2016.0333.

McLean, C. A., Lutz, A., Rankin, K. J., Stuart-Fox, D., and Moussalli, A. 2017. Revealing the biochemical and genetic basis of color variation in a polymorphic lizard. Molecular Biology and Evolution, doi: 10.1093/molbev/msx136. PDF

Franklin, A. M., and Stuart-Fox, D. 2017. Single and multiple mating reduces longevity of female dumpling squid (Euprymna tasmanica). Journal of Evolutionary Biology, doi: 10.1111/jeb.13063. PDF

Cadena, V., Smith, K. R., Endler, J. A., and Stuart-Fox, D. 2017. Geographic divergence and colour change in response to visual backgrounds and illumination intensity in bearded dragons. Journal of Experimental Biology, doi: 10.1242/jeb.148544. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D., Newton, E. and Clusella-Trullas, S. 2017. Thermoregulatory consequences of colour and near-infrared reflectance. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. B, in press

Klomp, D. A., Stuart-Fox, D., Cassidy E. J., Ahmad, N., and Ord, T. J. 2017. Color pattern facilitates species recognition but not signal detection: a field test using robots. Behavioural Ecology. PDF


Baling, M., Stuart-Fox, D., Brunton, D. H. and Dale, J. 2016. Habitat suitability for conservation translocation: the importance of facilitating camouflage in cryptic species. Biological Conservation, PDF

Rankin, K. J., McLean, C. A., Kemp, D. J., and Stuart-Fox, D. 2016 The genetic basis of discrete and quantitative colour variation in the polymorphic lizard, Ctenophorus decresii. BMC Evolutionary Biology, doi: 10.1186/s12862-016-0757-2. PDF

Klomp, D. A., Ord, T. J., Das, I., Diesmos, A., Ahmad, N., and Stuart‐Fox, D. 2016. Ornament size and colour as alternative strategies for effective communication in gliding lizards. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, doi: 10.1111/jeb.12908. PDF

Smith, K. R., Cadena, V., Endler, J. A., Kearney, M. R., Porter, W. P., and Stuart-Fox, D. 2016. Color change for thermoregulation versus camouflage in free-ranging lizards. American Naturalist, doi: 10.1086/688765 PDF

Smith, K. R., Endler, J. A., Kearney, M. R., Cadena, V., Porter, W. P., and Stuart-Fox, D. 2016. Colour change on different body regions provides thermal and signalling advantages in bearded dragon lizards. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, doi: 10.1098/rspb.2016.0626 PDF

Haines, M.L., Melville, J., Sumner,J., Clemann, N., Chapple, D. G., and Stuart-Fox, D. 2016. Geographic variation in hybridization and ecological differentiation between three syntopic, morphologically similar species of alpine lizards. Molecular Ecology doi: 10.1111/mec.13652. PDF

Jessop, T.S., Lane, M.L., Teasdale, L., Stuart-Fox, D., Wilson, R., Carreau, V., and Moore, I. 2016. Multi-scale evaluation of temperature-glucocorticoid responses in vertebrates. American Naturalist. doi: 10.1086/687588 PDF

McLean, C. A., Chan, R., Dickerson, A. L., Moussalli, A., and Stuart-Fox, D. 2016. Social interactions generate mutually reinforcing selection for male aggression in Lake Eyre dragons. Behavioral Ecology. doi: 10.1093/beheco/arw02 PDF


Yewers, M. S., Pryke, S., and Stuart-Fox, D. 2015. Behavioural differences across contexts indicate alternative strategies between colour morphs of the tawny dragon lizard Ctenophorus decresii. Animal Behavior, 111: 329-339 PDF

Rankin, K. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2015. Testosterone-induced expression of male colour morphs in females of the polymorphic tawny dragon lizard, Ctenophorus decresii. PLoS ONE, October 20 2015, DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0140458 PDF

McLean, C. A., Stuart-Fox, D. and Moussalli, A. 2015. Environment, but not genetic divergence, influences geographic variation in colour morph frequencies in a lizard. BMC Evolutionary Biology PDF

Squires, Z. E., Wong, B. B. M., Norman, M. D. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2015. Last male sperm precedence in a polygamous squid. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society PDF

Yewers, M. S., McLean, C. A., Moussalli, A., Stuart-Fox, D., Bennett, A. T. D., and Knott, B. 2015. Spectral sensitivity of cone photoreceptors and opsin expression in two colour-divergent lineages of the lizard Ctenophorus decresii. Journal of Experimental Biology doi: 10.1242/​jeb.119404 PDF

McLean, C. A. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2015. Rival assessment and comparison of morphological and performance-based predictors of fighting ability in Lake Eyre dragon lizards, Ctenophorus maculosus. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 69:523–531, doi: 10.1007/s00265-014-1863-z PDF


Franklin, A.M., Squires, Z.E. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2014. Does predation risk affect mating behaviour? An experimental test in squid. PLoS ONE, December 31 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0115027 PDF

Heap, S., Stuart-Fox, D. and Byrne, P. 2014. Reduction in site-fidelity at smaller spatial scales. Behavioural Ecology, December 27 2014, DOI: 10.1093/beheco/aru230 PDF

Klomp, D.A., Stuart-Fox, D. and Ord, T. J. 2014. Marked color divergence in gliding membranes of a lizard mirror population differences in the colour of falling leaves. Biol Lett, 10: 20140776; DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0776 PDF

Walker, S., Stuart-Fox, D., Kearney, M. R. 2014. Has contemporary climate change played a role in population declines of the lizard Ctenophorus decresii from semi-arid Australia? J Thermal Biol, December 5 2014, doi:10.1016/j.jtherbio.2014.12.001 PDF

Fan, M., Stuart-Fox, D., Stevens, M. and Cadena, V. 2014. Cyclic colour change in the bearded dragon Pogona vitticeps under different photoperiods. PLoS ONE 9(10):e111504. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0111504 PDF

McLean, C. A., Moussalli, A. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2014. Local adaptation and divergence in colour signal conspicuousness between monomorphic and polymorphic lineages in a lizard. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, published online : October 20 2014,DOI: 10.1111/jeb.12521 PDF

McLean, C. A., Stuart-Fox, D. and Moussalli, A. 2014. Phylogeographic structure, demographic history, and morph composition in a colour polymorphic lizard. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, published online : August 21 2014, DOI: 10.1111/jeb.12464 PDF

Haines, M. L., Moussalli, A., Stuart-Fox, D., Clemann, N. C. and Melville, J. 2014. Phylogenetic evidence of cryptic diversity and historic mtDNA introgression in the lizard genus Pseudemoia from south-eastern Australia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 81: 86-95. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.09.006 PDF

McLean, C. A. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2014. Geographic variation in animal colour polymorphisms and its role in speciation. Biological Reviews, 2014 Feb 14. doi: 10.1111/brv.12083. PDF

Squires, Z. E., Wong, B. B. M., Norman, M. D. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2014. Multiple paternity but no evidence of biased sperm use in female dumpling squid, Euprymna tasmanica. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 511: 93–103, doi: 10.3354/meps10898. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D. and Goode, J. 2014. Female ornamentation signals reproductive condition and quality in a lizard. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 2: Article 2, 9pp. doi: 10.3389/fevo.2014.00002 PDF


Behav EcolStuart-Fox, D. 2013. Book Review. Concealing Coloration in Animals. Copeia: December 2013, Vol. 2013, No. 4, pp. 782-783. Reviewed: J. Diamond and A.B. Bond. 2013. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674052352. 288 p. $29.95 (hardcover). PDF

McLean, C. A., Moussalli, A., Sass, S. And Stuart-Fox, D. 2013. Taxonomic assessment of Ctenophorus decresii (Lacertilia: Agamidae) reveals a new species of dragon lizard from western New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum, 65(3):51–63. doi:10.3853/j.2201-4349.65.2013.1600 PDF

Stuart-Fox, D. 2013. Behaviour and colour change. Pp. 115-130. In Tolley, K. and Herrel, A. (eds). The biology of chameleons. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. PDF

Squires Z.E., Norman M.D. and Stuart-Fox D. 2013. Mating behaviour and general spawning patterns of the bobtail squid, Euprymna tasmanica: a laboratory study. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 79: 263–269. PDF

Wegener, B.J., Stuart-Fox, D., Norman, M.N. and Wong, B.B.M. 2013. Spermatophore consumption in a cephalopod. Biology Letters. Full text
‘one of the top 10 most downloaded articles from 2013’ in Biology Letters – featured on the website

Olsson, M., Stuart-Fox, D. and Ballen, C. 2013. Genetics and evolution of colour patterns in reptiles. Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology. Full text

Teasdale, L.C., Stevens, M. and Stuart-Fox. D. 2013. Discrete colour polymorphism in the tawny dragon lizard (Ctenophorus decresii) and differences in signal conspicuousness among morphs. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 26: 1035-46. Full text

Chen, I-P., Symonds, M.R.E., Melville, J. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2013. Factors shaping the evolution of colour patterns in Australian agamid lizards (Agamidae): a comparative study. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 109: 101-112. Full text

Wegener, B.J., Stuart-Fox, D., Norman, M.N. and Wong, B.B.M. 2013. Strategic male mate choice minimises spermatophore consumption. Behavioural Ecology, 24: 668-671. (front cover) Full text


Evolution_coverRosenthal, G. and Stuart-Fox D. 2012. Environmental disturbance and animal communication. In Wong, BBM and Candolin, U. Behavioural responses to a changing world: mechanisms and consequences. Pp. 16-31. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. PDF

Franklin, A.M., Squires, Z.E. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2012. The energetic cost of mating in a promiscuous cephalopod. Biology Letters, 8: 754-756. PDF

Chen, I-P., Stuart-Fox, D., Hugall, A.F. and Symonds, M.R.E. 2012. Sexual selection and the evolution of complex colour patterns in dragon lizards. Evolution, 66: 3605-3614. (front cover) PDF

Hugall, A.F. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2012. Accelerated speciation in colour-polymorphic birds. Nature 485: 631–634 (31 May 2012). PDF

Squires Z.E., Wong B.B.M., Norman M.D. and Stuart-Fox D. 2012. Multiple fitness benefits of polyandry in a cephalopod. PLoS ONE 7: e37074. PDF

Heap, S., Byrne, P. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2012. Landmarks and the formation of territorial boundaries (Review). Animal Behaviour 83: 871-878. PDF

Heap, S., Stuart-Fox, D. and Byrne, P. 2012. Variation in the effect of repeated rival intrusions on calling behavior in a territorial toadlet. Behavioural Ecology 23: 93-100. PDF


Stuart-Fox, D. and Moussalli, A. 2011. Camouflage in color changing animals: trade-offs and constraints. In Stevens, M. and Merilaita, S. ‘Animal camouflage: mechanisms and function’ pp. 237 – 253. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Östman, Ö. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2011. Sexual selection is positively associated with ecological generalism among Agamid lizards. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24:733-740. PDF

Taysom, A.J., Stuart-Fox, D. and Cardoso, G.C. 2011. The contribution of structural-, psittacofulvin- and melanin-based colouration to sexual dichromatism in Australasian parrots. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24: 303-313. PDF


Uller, T., Stuart-Fox, D. and Olsson, M. 2010. Evolution of primary sexual characters in reptiles. In Córdoba-Aguilar, A. and Leonard, J. L. The evolution of primary sexual characters in animals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. PDF

Lancaster, P., Jessop, T.S. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2010. Testing the independent effects of population and shelter density on behavioural and corticosterone responses of tree skinks. Australian Journal of Zoology 58:295-302. PDF

McLean, C.A., and Stuart-Fox, D. 2010. Do female Lake Eyre dragon lizards adjust courtship rejection behaviour under higher predation risk? Behaviour 147: 1803-1818. PDF

McLean, C.A., Moussalli, A. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2010. The predation cost of female resistance. Behavioural Ecology, 21: 861-867. PDF

Dolman, G. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2010. Processes driving male breeding colour and ecomorphological diversification in rainbow skinks: a phylogenetic comparative test. Evolutionary Ecology 24:97-113. PDF


Chan, R., Stuart-Fox, D. and Jessop, T.S. 2009. Why are females ornamented? A test of the courtship stimulation and courtship rejection hypotheses. Behavioral Ecology, 20: 1334-1342. PDF

Jessop, T.S., Chan, R. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2009. Sex steroid correlates of female-specific coloration, behaviour and reproductive state in Lake Eyre dragons, Ctenophorus maculosus. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 195: 619-630. PDF

Moussalli, A., Herbert, D.G. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2009. A phylogeny of the cannibal snails of southern Africa, genus Natalina sensu lato (Pulmonata: Rhytididae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 167-182. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D., Godinho, R., Goüy de Bellocq, J., Brito, J.C., Irwin, N., Moussalli, A., Siroky, P., Hugall, A.F. and Baird, S.J.E. 2009. Variation in phenotype, parasite load and competitive ability across a cryptic hybrid zone. PLoS One 4: e5677. PDF

Koumoundouros, T., Sumner, J., Clemann, N. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2009. Current genetic isolation and fragmentation contrasts with historical connectivity in an alpine lizard (Cyclodomorphus praealtus) threatened by climate change. Biological Conservation 142: 992-1002. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D., Godinho, R., Irwin, N., Goüy de Bellocq, J., Brito, J.C., Moussalli, A., Hugall, A.F. and Baird, S.J.E. 2009. Can female choice explain an abrupt mtDNA cline in Lacerta schreiberi? Behavior 146: 831-841. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D. and Moussalli, A. 2009. Camouflage, communication and thermoregulation: lessons from colour changing organisms. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 364: 463-470. PDF


Oliver, P.M., Stuart-Fox, D. and Richards, S.J. 2008. A new species of tree frog (Hylidae, Litoria) from the southern lowlands of New Guinea. Current Herpetology 27:35-42. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D., Moussalli, A. and Whiting, M.J. 2008. Predator-specific colour change in chameleons. Biology Letters 4: 326-329. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D. and Moussalli, A. 2008. Selection for social signalling drives the evolution of chameleon colour change. PLoS Biology 6: e25. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D. 2008. A test of Rensch’s rule in dwarf chameleons (Bradypodion spp.), a group with female-biased sexual size dimorphism. Evolutionary Ecology 23: 425-433. PDF


Stuart-Fox, D., Moussalli, A. and Whiting, M.J. 2007. Natural selection on social signals: signal efficacy and the evolution of chameleon display coloration. American Naturalist 170: 916-930. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D., and Moussalli, A. 2007. Sex-specific ecomorphological variation and the evolution of sexual dimorphism in dwarf chameleons (Bradypodion spp.). Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 20: 1073-1081. PDF

Hibbits, T.J., Whiting, M.J. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2007. Shouting the odds: vocalization signals status in a lizard. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 61: 1169-1176. PDF

Schutz, L., Stuart-Fox, D. and Whiting, M.J. 2007. Does the lizard Platysaurus broadleyi aggregate due to resource limitation or social factors? Journal of Herpetology 41: 354-359. PDF


Stuart-Fox, D. 2006. Testing game theory models: fighting ability and decision rules in chameleon contests. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 273: 1555-1561. PDF

Ord, T.J. and Stuart-Fox, D. 2006. Ornament evolution in dragon lizards: multiple gains and widespread losses reveal a complex history of evolutionary change. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19: 797-808. PDF

Whiting, M.J., Stuart-Fox, D., O’Connor, D., Firth, D., Bennett, N. and Blomberg, S. 2006. Ultraviolet signals ultra-aggression in a lizard. Animal Behaviour 72: 353-363. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D., Moussalli, A. and Whiting, M.J. 2006. Camouflage and colour change: anti-predator responses to two predators across multiple populations in a dwarf chameleon. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 88: 437-446. PDF

Reisinger, W.M., Stuart-Fox, D.M. and Erasmus, B.F.N. 2006. Habitat associations and conservation status of an indigenous forest restricted dwarf chameleon from southern Africa. Oryx 40: 183-188. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D.M., Firth, D. Moussalli, A. and Whiting, M.J. 2006. Multiple signals in chameleon contests: designing and analysing animal contests as a tournament. Animal Behaviour 71: 1263-1271. PDF

2005 & older

Stuart-Fox, D. 2005. Deception and the origin of honest signals. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20: 521-523. PDFBiology letters 2

Stuart-Fox, D.M. and Whiting, M.J. 2005. Male dwarf chameleons assess risk of courting large, aggressive females. Biology Letters 1: 231-234 (front cover) PDF

Stuart-Fox, D.M. and Johnston, G.R. 2005. Experience overrides colour in lizard contests. Behaviour 142: 329-350. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D.M. and Ord, T.J. 2004. Sexual selection, natural selection and the evolution of dimorphic coloration and ornamentation in agamid lizards. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 271: 2249-2255. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D.M., Moussalli, A., Johnston, G., and Owens, I.P.F. 2004. Evolution of color variation in dragon lizards: quantitative tests of the role of crypsis and local adaptation. Evolution 58: 1549-1559. PDF (Erratum)

Stuart-Fox, D.M., Moussalli, A., Marshall, J., and Owens, I.P.F. 2003. Conspicuous males suffer higher predation risk: visual modelling and experimental evidence from lizards. Animal Behaviour 66: 541-550. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D.M. and Owens, I.P.F. 2003. Species richness in agamid lizards: chance, body size, sexual selection or ecology? Journal of Evolutionary Biology 16:659-669. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D.M., Hugall, A.F., and Moritz, C. 2002. A molecular phylogeny of rainbow skinks (Scincidae: Carlia): taxonomic and biogeographic implications. Australian Journal of Zoology 50: 39-51. PDF

Stuart-Fox, D.M., Schneider, C.J., Moritz, C. and Couper, P.J. 2001. Comparative phylogeography of three rainforest-restricted lizards from mid-east Queensland. Australian Journal of Zoology 49: 119-127. PDF

Blomberg, S.P., Owens, I.P.F. and Stuart-Fox, D.M. 2001. Ultraviolet reflectance in the small skink Carlia pectoralis. Herpetological Review. 32:16-17. PDF